Marcel Duchamp



3 Stoppages elaton (3 Standard stoppages), 1913-­‐1914 (Paris)

Assemblage: three threads glued to three painted canvas strips, each 5 ¼ x 47 ¼ in. (13.3 x 120 cm), each mounted on a glass panel, 7 3/8 x 49 ¾ in. (18.7 x 126.4 cm); three wooden slats averaging 44 ¾ x 2 ½ in. (113.6 x 6.4 cm), shaped along one edge to match the curve of the threads. The whole fitted in a wooden box, 10 ¾ x 51 x 9 in. (27.3 x 129.5 x 22.9 cm)

Edition of 8 made in 1964 by Duchamp and Arturo Schwarz



Private Collection, Paris

Kent Fine Art, New York

Private Collection, Long Island



Marcel Duchamp: A Retrospective Exhibition.  Pasadena Art Museum, 1963

Marcel Duchamp. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 1973 Traveled to:  Museum of Modern Art, New York, Art Institute of Chicago

Marcel Duchamp. Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1984

Implosion: A Postmodern Perspective. Moderna Museet, Stockholm, 1987-­‐1988

Marcel Duchamp and the Avantgarde Since 1950.   Museum Ludwig, Cologne, 1988



Marcel Duchamp: A Retrospective Exhibition.  Pasadena Art Museum, 1963, cat. no. 105,  ill., no. 36.  

The Almost Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp.  London: Tate Gallery, 1966, cat. no. 110, p. 48. Alexandrian.  Marcel Duchamp. New York: Crown Publishers, 1977, p. 41, ill. p. 59.

Arman, Yves. Marcel Duchamp: plays and wins (joue and gagne). Paris: Marval, 1984, ill. plate IV. Cabanne, Pierre.  Dialogues with Marcel Duchamp. New York: Viking Press, 1971, pp. 46-­‐47. d’Harnoncourt, Anne and Kynaston McShine. Marcel Duchamp. New York and Philadelphia: Museum of Modern Art and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1973, ill. Plate 101 p. 273.

Moure, Gloria, et al.  Marcel Duchamp.  Cologne: Museum Ludwig, 1984, ill. cat. no. 55, p. 144. Nittve, Lars. Implosion: A Postmodern Perspective.  Stockholm: Moderna Museet, 1988, cat. no. 8, ill. p. 60.

Sanouillet, Micahel and Elmer Peterson, eds. Salt Seller (The Writings of Marcel Duchamp).  New York: Oxford University Press, 1973, p. 22.

Tomkins, Calvin.  The World of Marcel Duchamp: 1887 – 1968.  Amsterdam: Time-­‐Life Books, 1966, pp. 35, 77, 89.



Moderna Museet, Stockholm

Musee National d’Art Modern, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena

Philadelphia Museum of Art

Rijksmuseum Kroller-­‐Muller, Otterlo, The Netherlands

Private Collection, Geneva

Private Collection, Paris

Private Collection, Tokyo

Original: The Museum of Modern Art, New York